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Date: Wed, 15 Aug 2001 09:13:09 -0400
From: Runnan Ming
Subject: BLAGUES-L: The Complete Runner's Guide

                     The Complete Runner's Guide 
                   By Sean Kenwrick - 'The Running Man' 






Despite the claims made by the title, this is not a complete 
guide but merely an attempt to pass on what little knowledge I 
have on this subject in the hope that others may take pleasure 
from this pastime as I have in the past. 

Before I go on I suppose I had better explain to any non-native 
English speakers (such as Americans) what a runner is.  The 
Oxford Dictionary defines it as: 

     runner (n) [run-nr]  1. The act of leaving a food and drink 
                          establishment before paying the bill. 
                          2. Person who runs 

The following guide is based on my experiences over a period of 
several years of running from restaurants around the Birmingham 
area in the UK. The majority of these runners were done from 
Indian restaurants, mainly because they form the vast majority 
of restaurants in my area and are also the only places that stay 
open after the pubs shut. 

However I have not restricted my activities exclusively to these 
restaurants; other runners have been done from a variety of 
restaurants including several Chineses, a couple of Italians, one 
Pizza Hut and a Mcdonalds. 

The latter of these did not really provide the challenge and 
adrenalin rush that I normally expect from a running experience, 
and left me feeling rather unfulfilled.   However since that is 
exactly feeling I normally get after leaving a McDonalds it 
didn't make much difference. 

I'm sure there are many others out there who could contribute 
their valuable experience to this guide, and I would be happy to 
hear your experiences so that this guide can grow and become a 
classic in its own right - a must for every household. 


The first runner is always the hardest. 

You will not taste a single mouthful of your food and your 
stomach will churn continually.  You will spend the entire meal 
hunched over your food whispering and looking furtively at the 
door.  And when the waiter arrives with your bill you will 
promptly pay it and leave a generous tip. 

Alternatively, you will do all of the above but at the critical 
moment you take the plunge.  Panic will take hold as you fly 
across the restaurant towards the door.  Old friendships mean 
nothing in these moments as you scrabble for the exit - you would 
gladly trample your friends to the ground in your attempt to 
escape.   Then suddenly you'll be free.  You'll pour out into the 
street and you'll feel a great rush of adrenalin and elation and 
you will run and run and laugh and laugh and laugh.... 

It may take you several abortive attempts before you actually 
make a successful run,  but don't give up, the final achievement 
is worth the wait.  Remember, running the first time is like 
diving off the high board for the first time - if you think about 
it too much you won't do it.  However once you have taken the 
decisive plunge there will be no going back, your innocence will 
be lost forever ... 

... You will become one of us. 

On your first run it is probably better not to have experienced 
runner with you.  This may sound strange, but an experience 
runner is likely to be the first to the door - which means that 
you won't be.   It is better that you run with other virgins - 
then if you've got the guts to lead the way, you'll be the one 
who's first to the door. 

Also try not to act too suspiciously.  The first time I attempted 
a runner was from a Chinese restaurant, but we were acting so 
furtively that they asked us to pay before the meal arrived.  A 
total disaster since only one of had money and the bill came to 
about half his weekly social security cheque. 

This leads me to my next tip.... 

Make sure you can afford to pay if something goes wrong.  For 
first timers this will help you to relax a little, safe in the 
knowledge that you have nothing to lose. 

Finally and most importantly: Don't get caught! 

If you remember the above points and take in a few of the points 
in the rest of the guide you should enjoy a long a successful 
running career. 


There are several rules and codes of honour that a true running 
man (or woman) should adhere to.  These rules have been in place 
since the first ever recorded runner by Marco Polo when he legged 
it from a Chinese restaurant during his travels in the 13th 
century.  Remember that this is a pastime that is steeped in 
tradition and custom, and any violation of its strict codes will 
result in the eventual demise of this noble art.  I therefore 
urge you to read carefully the following rules and ensure that 
you adhere to them at all times. 


This first rule is probably the most important and will serve you 
well if you use it without exception.  An accomplished runner 
will have no qualms about leaving his friends behind so long as 
he makes good his own escape.  In fact, as you will see later, 
it is sometimes desirable or necessary to be the only person who 


This rule should not need to be mentioned amongst experience 
runners but should be mentioned in advance if you are in the 
presence of the inexperienced. 

Occasionally an inexperienced runner will whine for their money 
if they got caught and were forced to foot the bill. 


This is not a game for the weak and feeble;  this is an art that 
carries with it certain risks, and the participants should be 
aware of the risks before they start.  If you are having trouble 
with a whinging virgin then you should refer them to this section 
immediately and that should settle the matter without further 


There is nothing worse than a bunch of drunken yobs abusing the 
staff and being generally obnoxious.  You should conduct yourself 
with dignity at all times.  Remember,  you are about to steal 
from these people so the least you can do is be polite. 


It is likely that place you are running from has seen it all 
before, particularly if it frequented after throwing out time at 
the pubs.  Therefore do not chose a table too near to the door, 
this will only arouse suspicion. A carefully executed runner will 
take every body completely by surprise and it won't matter if you 
have a few yards to run before reaching the exit.  Often you can 
be past a waiter on the way to the door before he has time to 
drop his jaw. 

As mentioned before, try not to look too nervous or act 
suspiciously. Try to relax and enjoy your meal and you will find 
an opportunity will open itself to you.  If you are being watched 
then it makes the job much harder. 


There is nothing worse that bursting from a restaurant and 
finding that you don't know which way to run.  In your panic you 
will find yourself running up blind alleys and/or being separated 
from your friends.  Take a few moments before you enter to plan 
an escape route and meeting place for afterwards should you get 


Five of us once burst forth from a Balti house and followed our 
leader, lemming style, across one of the busiest roads in 
Birmingham.  Afterwards we realised that not one of us had been 
looking at anything other than the soles of the feet of the 
person in front. 

Remember: look before you listen before you cross! 


It is inevitable that at some point you are going to find 
yourself in the position of being left behind after you friends 
have made a triumphant getaway.   This does not necessarily mean 
that you have to foot the entire bill. 

Offer to pay for your own bill only.  Tell them that by law you 
are only required to pay for the food you ate yourself and not 
for everybody else's meal (I don't know if this is actually true 
but it sounds very convincing). It is likely that they will be 
happy to cut their losses and get what they can - you could be 
generous and offer to pay for drinks for example. 

If they threaten to call the police, call their bluff.  Keep 
insisting that you only have to pay for your own bill.  If the 
police are actually called there is still no need to panic.  Make 
up a story about how you shared a taxi with some guys and they 
asked if you wanted to join them for a meal, and the bastards did 
a runner leaving you behind.  Tell them you are now offering to 
pay for your meal AND the drinks but the manager is  being 
totally unreasonable about the whole affair.  If you're lucky the 
cops might be slightly amused by your tale and help you negotiate 
a compromise.  If not, now is the time to get your cheque book 

Note: I have never had to pay for a meal other than my own, and 
a couple of times I've claimed that I only had a starter and got 
away with it. 


One of the unfortunate side effects of this pastime is that 
gradually there will be less and less restaurants that you can 
frequent.   Therefore you must keep the best places as sacred 
ground,  where it would be blasphemous to even mention the word 
'runner' within their walls. 

This may sound obvious but once you become a regular runner you 
will find there is temptation at every turn.   A few drinks and 
you begin to hear the voices in your head:  "ruuunn  ruuuun,  its 
eeeeassyy".   Ignore them at all costs. 


This is a very common mistake even amongst the advanced runners. 

Make sure you take all you belongings with you when you go - it 
is rather embarrassing having to skulk back to a restaurant to 
retrieve your coat, your bag, your wallet, your credit card, your 
keys or some other valuable item that you have left behind.  You 
can be sure that you will have to foot the whole bill before you 
get your belongings back. 


The choice of venue is an important issue for an accomplished 
runner.  When making a choice about a restaurant one must take 
into account several factors. Obviously the food must come up to 
the standard that one expects when dining out and the ambience 
of the establishment should be satisfactory.  But most 
importantly one must choose a place that will offer the kind of 
challenge that is commensurate with your experience. 

For example, for first timers it would be better to chose a place 
that is not used to serving people who have just emerged from the 
pub.  Perhaps a place that is in a quiet area with normally 
respectable clientele.  Also avoid places with stairways and 
double doorways. 

As your experience grows you can attempt more challenging venues 
until eventually you will be able to escape from even the most 
daunting of security arrangements. 

Sometimes it is necessary to visit a restaurant in advance to 
establish how tight their security is.  Of course this may 
involve actually paying for a meal, so quite often these 
reconnaissance expeditions result in a first time runner. 

However if the security is particularly tight the it may take 
several visits before a runner is attempted.  One time we had to 
visit to a restaurant three times before we worked out how the 
locking mechanism on the door was released (yes, some places 
actually lock you in).  This involved removing a small metal pin 
and then releasing the latch and turning the handle; not very 
easy when you've got to get it right first time in about half a 
second.  Luckily that one was a success and everyone made their 

Following is a list of some of the factors you should take into 
account when selecting a restaurant.  You should try and chose 
a combination of these factors depending upon the level of 
challenge that you expect relative to your experience: 

i) Awareness of staff. 

This is a very important factor when choosing a venue and can 
range from total naivety to extreme sharpness.   This will be 
related to area that the restaurant is in and the time of night 
the you are frequenting it. Avoid restaurants that are used to 
dealing with drunken troublemakers if you want an easy getaway. 

ii) Stairways. 

Stairways are one of the major causes of people getting caught 
during runners. While you are on the stairway you are still 
inside the restaurant and therefore are more likely to be pursued 
(whereas it is rare that you will be pursued once you make it 
into the street).   The door at the bottom of the stairway, and 
any doors on the way down, cause a bottle neck effect and result 
in pile ups.  Any pursuing party will still be in the free 
flowing part of the bottle and may easily catch the tailenders. 
Therefore it would be wise to always try to be near the front if 
there is a stairway to navigate. 

However first is not always the best as the following cautionary 
tale will show... 

Once in an Indian restaurant in Coventry I was dining with some 
student friends and we had decided that we were going to run. 
The three guys I was with were all newbies to the game and so 
were shitting themselves, as the old phrase goes.  The restaurant 
was a huge place that was on the first floor in what used to be 
a cinema and had a stairway leading down to the exit. The 
stairway was in two sections with a door that opened inwards 
halfway down and the other door leading to the street. 

I had my plan already worked out; part of which involved me 
reaching the door and being out into the street before the others 
had even blinked.  Unfortunately I hadn't counted on how nervous 
my three friends actually were, and one in particular could bare 
the suspense no longer a made a break for the door when we were 
barely half way through our meal.  The reaction of the other two 
was instantaneous and I found myself trailing the group as we 
flew across the room.  To my horror I saw one of the young and 
well built waiters make chase. 

When we reached the top of the stairs I could hear footsteps 
close behind me, and with two bottle necks and three 
inexperienced people in front of me I was surely doomed.  The 
footsteps behind me were closing and I thought I would be caught 
in the first pile up at the first door, but when the leading man 
reached the door he had to step backwards and sideways in order 
to open it.  Before he had time to change direction and start 
heading forwards again the three of us were past him as he stood 
there obligingly holding the door for us.  By the time he made 
to follow us, the pursuing waiter was upon him and slapped him 
squarely between the shoulder blades which sent him tumbling down 
the second flight of stairs. 

As I burst out into the cold air and to freedom, his hand clipped 
the back of my heel as he landed in a crumpled pile at the bottom 
of the stairs.  I took a few stumbling steps and nearly went down 
myself before I managed to right myself and disappeared into the 

In typical virgin style he coughed up for the whole bill and 
whined for weeks for his money.  Non of which was forthcoming of 

3.2 Double doors. 

These are also designed to create bottle necks and make escape 
more difficult, particularly if the doors are at right angles to 
each other and both open inwards.   However, in practice they are 
pretty ineffective as the pile up is too brief before you are 
into the street. 

3.3 Member of staff positioned on the door. 

Some places have a waiter hovering constantly by the door letting 
people in and out and saying hello and goodnight.   Restaurants 
with this security feature should be avoided by the inexperienced 
but should prove little problem to the master. 

3.4 Lock ins. 

This is very common in many Indian restaurants in Birmingham and 
Coventry and also in other large cities further north such as 
Liverpool and Manchester. Before frequenting a restaurant you 
should first check whether or not they are operating a lock in. 
There is nothing more embarrassing than bolting for the door only 
to find that it is locked.  Totally uncool. 

If it is not possible to open the lock then other methods should 
be employed (see RUNNING TECHNIQUES).   This is only for the 
advanced runner. 

3.5 Bouncer on the door. 

This is the most extreme form of security and thus the most 
difficult to beat.  The bouncers that are employed for this job 
are usually mean mothers who are just praying that someone is 
going to try to get past them.  The stakes are much higher than 
the cost of the bill in this case so this is definitely for 
masters only. 


The following are some of the techniques that I have used to make 
good my escape from a variety of restaurants.  If you have any 
other methods that I could add to this list I would be pleased 
to hear from you. 


This is the most important of the techniques employed by a 
runner. Opportunity can appear in a moment and must be seized 
immediately before it disappears from whence it came. 
Opportunity takes on many forms and you will learn to recognise 
them as your experience grows. 

An opportunity might be in the form of a drunken yob causing 
trouble, or an argument between the staff, or someone complaining 
about the food, or the doorman going to the toilet.  It might be 
the confusion after another table has just done a runner, or the 
door being left open, or the waiter sweeping up a broken glass. 

Sometimes the opportunity might be just that the waiter who has 
been watching you like a hawk all evening turns his back for a 
half a second.  When he next looks round you should be gone. 


This is really for advanced runners and masters only as many of 
these methods increase the stakes of being caught.   However 
there is often no alternative in some security conscious places 
than to try alternative measures.  Following are some of the 
techniques that I have employed in order to secure my getaway. 

4.2.1 Flood the toilet. 

Very simple but rather crude and verging on vandalism.  I used 
this in my youth but as I matured it was dropped from my 

It involves putting the plug into the sink or stuffing the plug 
hole with toilet paper, then turning on the taps.   You then 
return to your table and wait for someone to notice.  Once it has 
been spotted all the waiters are likely to be curious about what 
the fuss is all about and will go to investigate. Now is the time 
to make your exit. 

4.2.2 Pyrotechnics. 

This I've never done myself though I think would be a better 
alternative to the above.  Either let off a smoke bomb or light 
a large banger with a long fuse.  The sound of an explosion or 
smoke coming for the toilet is bound to cause quite a stir. 

Another alternative, which from what I've heard would be 
extremely effective, is a dry ice bomb.  This involves placing 
dry ice into a 2 Litre plastic coke bottle, add a little water 
and screw the top on tight.  Leave in the toilet and then a 
couple of minutes later there will be the most almighty 
explosion. According to 'The Big Book of Mischief' (Available on 
the Internet) this bang will sound like a M-100, whatever that 
might be.  But whatever it is I bet it's loud. 

4.2.3 Start a fight. 

This is one of the all time classic techniques for running and 
should be used only on special occasions.  It involves splitting 
into two groups and arriving at the restaurant at different 
times.  Then during the meal you pick a fight on the other 

When I did this with a group of friends in Birmingham we split 
into blacks and whites then used the pretence of racism to start 
a fight.   Half way through the meal one of the black guys 
suddenly stood up and shouted 'what you looking at honky' or 
words to that effect.  Then after an angry exchange of words and 
threats the waiters, who didn't want any trouble in their 
restaurant, managed to calm us down.  This set the scene for the 
showdown at the end of the meal when after another exchange of 
words a full scale confrontation was set up between the two 

Now if you think back to your school days you will remember that 
its possible to hit you friend pretty hard in a pretend fight 
without actually hurting them. So when the 'fight' actually broke 
out it looked pretty convincing.  Chairs were being knocked over 
and fists were flying, and all the waiters could think of was to 
get us outside.  "Outside please!  Outside please!" was all we 
heard as the waiters helped us through the door.  Once outside 
we all promptly stopped fighting and legged it up the road. 


This is another classic running technique and is usually employed 
to get past the doorman or any other member of staff that might 
be blocking your escape. 

The last time I did this was on a Christmas eve in Coventry. 
There were four of us eating in the restaurant and initially two 
of the group refused to sit with myself and my other friend 
because they knew of our reputation as masters of the art,  and 
being fairly inexperienced themselves and generally lily livered 
they were too scared to sit with us.  However once we pointed out 
the mean looking doorman on the door they agreed to join us. 

Admittedly things were looking grim.  Not only was the doorman 
very mean looking he was also locking and unlocking the door to 
let people in and out. My two inexperienced friends relaxed and 
settled down to their meals. 

As we finished our meals the doorman showed no sign of leaving 
his post and I feared that defeat may be looming.   However a 
master runner will never admit defeat until he has received his 
change in a little brown leather folder, so the only thing was 
to wait for opportunity to rear its head. 

And sure enough it did.  For the inexperienced it might have been 
hard to spot as indeed it was for my two friends who missed it 
completely.  However no words were necessary between the masters 
who both saw it instantly and a knowing look was all that was 
necessary to communicate what had to be done. 

Nearby a table of four was just getting up to leave.  As they 
passed us, myself and my friend silently slipped from the table 
and joined the back of the group.  As they approached the door 
the doorman unlocked it and helpfully held it open for them. 

As we strolled casually passed the doorman he enquired kindly: 
"Nice meal lads?" 
"Yeah" we replied "Great thanks". 

Another variation on this theme is to just get up as though you 
have paid and casually leave.  Again the doorman will probably 
wish you a good night and hope that you enjoyed your meal.  If 
you're stopped you just claim that it was a big mixup and you 
though so and so was paying etc etc. 


Sometimes they will be no possible way of escaping through the 
door either because it is locked or guarded or both.  In this 
case it is time to look for alternative exits. 

Usually in back street restaurants the toilets will be make shift 
affairs at the back of the restaurant.  Often you have to go past 
the kitchens to get to them.  If this is the case then you should 
perhaps look for a back door or side door to rear of the 

One time a friend of mine excused himself to go to the toilet 
near the end of a meal.  He was a master runner himself so did 
nothing to arouse the suspicions of the others at the table. 
However,  I was able to sense something was afoot and so shortly 
excused myself and went after him. 

Sure enough there was no sign of him in the toilets so I 
investigated a little further into the back of the restaurant. 
There I found a storeroom with a backdoor leading out into the 
garden.   Someone had previously kicked the bottom panels out of 
the door and my friend was currently halfway through the small 
hole.  I went over and turned the handle which he had obviously 
forgotten to try, since the door promptly swung open with him 
still halfway through it.  His arms were'nt quite through 
properly yet so he was unable to stop his head from rebounding 
off the back wall. 

After much cursing and threats I helped him out of the door and 
we clambered up the six foot wall that was covered in barbed wire 
and jumped.  Unfortunately the wall was ten feet high on the 
other side and finished at the bottom with a large puddle. 

But what mattered most was that we had escaped, and nobody could 
understand how we had managed to get passed the doorman without 
being seen or why we were covered in black mud. 

Other things to look for are toilet windows, or sidewindows on 
the stairs leading to the toilets.  It is a rather satisfying 
feeling when you get up to go to the toilet and never come back 
knowing that it probably would never cross the minds of the 
people you have left behind that you might have escaped.  They 
will sit there patiently wondering what could possibly be keeping 

One of the amusing side effects of this is that eventually 
someone will come looking for you.  When they discover your 
escape they will not want to be left behind to face the music, 
so they too will make their escape.   After a while somebody else 
is going to wonder what's keeping the second person and come to 
check for themselves and so on ... 


Once your group gains mastery of the art of running then you will 
find that the challenge of outwitting the restaurant staff needs 
to be supplemented by the challenge of outwitting each other. 
Although the group runner will still feature in your repertoire, 
in high security situations you will find that you will need 
operate more and more as an individual. 

In fact not only will you be acting as an individual, you will 
now have reached the stage where you are in direct competition 
with your fellow runners.  The rule is that anything goes, and 
if someone is left behind to face the music then all the better 
- they will be wiser next time. 

Also, the dirtier the trick you can play the better, and the 
deeper in the shit you leave your friends the funnier it becomes. 

Following are some of the bastard tricks that I have played 
during my time. 


If one of you're party goes to the toilet near the end of the 
meal then it is only fair that you should take your leave at this 
point to teach him not to be so stupid.   A walker is possibly 
called for here, but even a fully fledged runner should produce 
some interesting reactions all round when the staff find that 
you've left someone behind. 


If someone decides to fall asleep at the table then their 
rudeness should be dealt with harshly.  The usual tactic is to 
place the bill under their hand before you leave. 


Tell everyone that you are going to pay the bill by cheque or 
credit card and get everybody to give you the cash value of their 
meal.   Then you excuse yourself while you go to the toilet or 
up to the counter to pay.  Make sure that's the last that anyone 
sees of you. 


This is a variation on the above theme and should be done when 
you are all short of money at the end of the night.  You get 
everyone to contribute what they have left into a kitty, the plan 
being to buy a selection of dishes and to share them between you. 
The only thing is, you make sure that your holding the kitty and 
you make an escape at the end of the meal. 

This is a particularly good trick since you can be sure that all 
those left behind have not a single penny between them. 

I have actually played this trick two weeks in succession with 
the same two people (stupid or what?). 


This is a particulary dirty trick and is hence one of the 
funniest.  It is probably better to prearrange this so that there 
are just a few of the group who are in on the joke,  whilst the 
remainder are completely oblivious. 

You arrange that you are going to do a group runner from a chosen 
restaurant, and you ensure that those of you that are in with the 
trick are situated so that you can be near the back of the 
escaping party. 

At the end of the meal when the signal is given the entire group 
breaks for the door.  However when the last person who knows 
about the trick leaves the restaurant they should pull the door 
behind them and stand outside and hold it shut.  Then all of 
those on the outside can watch in safety as the events unfold 
within the restaurant - usually starting with the looks of panic, 
then disbelief on the faces of the unfortunate few who are left 
struggling at the door. 

You can stay there as long as you want enjoying the spectacle 
before you finally make you escape.   However watch out for staff 
emerging from side entrances or the appearance of the police. 

This isn't actually a runner but is a great trick so I have 
included it here. If one of your party is skint at the end of the 
night then take them under your wing a tell them not to worry as 
you'll sort them out with a meal. During the meal you assure them 
you'll pay for everything and encourage them top splash out. 
When the bill finally arrives you can watch the horror dawn 
across their face as you place the exact amount for your meal on 
the plate.  If you are feeling really mean you can even grass 
them up if they try to make a run for it. 


This trick is also a classic and may be very hard to reproduce 
but I relate it here in case you have opportunity to try it, or 
some variation of it, if you find yourself at the receiving end 
of one of the above bastard tricks. 

A fellow master in Liverpool was once in a group who left one of 
their party behind in exactly the manner described in 5.2 above. 
When the person was woken up by the waiter he was in trouble 
because he didn't have enough money to pay the bill. 
Fortunately for him there were two guys on another table who saw 
what had happened and decided to help him out.   So after paying 
for the bill, these two guys got chatting with the victim and 
hatched a fiendish plan that would allow them to recover their 
money and to reap revenge for out friend. 

The five people who had left the unfortunate victim to his fate 
lived in three different student houses.  That night each house 
was visited by D.C Meades and D.C Brook from the Liverpool 
Constabulary who had obtained their addresses from a friend of 
their's who they had left behind in an Indian restaurant earlier 
that night.  Now, D.C Meades and D.C Brook were a reasonable pair 
and didn't want to have to take things any further, so if the 
entire bill could be settled then the matter could be written off 
as high spirits. 

Needless to say they came away with three times their initial 
investment and exacted a fitting revenge for the person left 

The only person that twigged was in the last house.  As he handed 
over the money he said "You're not really police are you?" 
"No we're not" they replied "Thank you very much." 


In order to be recognised as a true master of the art, one must 
be able to show proficiency in all of the above techniques and 
to be able to demonstrate a certain amount of originality and 
ingenuity in devising new methods of their own. 

In addition to this, to become a fully fledged master, it is 
necessary for the runner to undergo the graduation tests. 

These tests should be carried out with a single partner who is 
at the same advanced level and who is will also graduate to 
master level should the tests be completed.   If possible each 
test should be witnessed by others who should sit at a different 
table and make no attempt to interfere in either a positive or 
negative way. 

In order to do this successfully you must be able to eat a meal 
and run without bringing any attention to yourselves at all.  You 
should be able to blend into the crowd completely and be able to 
slip out in the blink of an eye. 


This is to test your resourcefulness and your physical 
agility.  Often the alternative exits lead out onto roofs or into 
walled off yards.   One must have the guts to venture out into 
the unknown and the strength to overcome any obstacle that 
may present itself. 

This is the ultimate test for a runner and will really 
demonstrate the qualities required in a master.  The meal should 
include starters and drinks. 

These tests can be taken over a period of several weeks if 
required and it doesn't matter if there are several aborted 
attempts before success is achieved.   Only the final test, 
by its very nature, requires first time execution. 

Once these tests have been passed then and only then can you call 
yourself a true master. 

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